Discographies of Labels and Artists
Safeguarding 78s
Report 2002
Report 2003
Report 2004
Connecting Memories
Projekt Lindstroem
Digitale Restaurierung
alle diskografischen Daten finden Sie unter:

Report 2002: IASA Kongress in Aarhus (Dnemark)
September 2002

The project Knstler-und Firmendiskografien der Schellackzeit unter besonderer Bercksichtigung der Unterhaltungsmusik sponsored by the Sokrates-Grundtvig programme of the European Union, has been running since August 2001 and is scheduled to run until July 2003. The partners of this project are institutional archives, private collectors, discographers from Germany, Italy and Austria as well as our most helpful associated partners : the Fonoteca Nazionale Svizzera and the IASA German-Swiss branch .

The first year of this networking project was dedicated to the definition of the general organisation and working programme, which was discussed and accepted at our first working session in Vienna in October 2001.


Production of Discographies of Labels and Artists of 78th- with special focus on entertainment music and comic- and preservation of these early media

Established transparent national and international networks

Partner 1 Partner 2 Partner 3 Partner 4 Assoziierter 1
Italy Germany Austria Austria Switzerland
Univ. di Udine Allgu-Schwb sterreichisches sterr. Mediathek Fonoteca N.
in Gorizia Musikarchiv volksliedwerk coordinator Svizzera
A. Argentini W. Benz M. Brodl Ch. Hofer P. Pellizzari

Selfmonitored working : serving the aims of the project

-Standardizing of criterias of items for discography
-Adaption of archiving software systems
-Production of discographies of artists and labels
-Rerecording , preservation and conservation of shellaks
-Safety-copies for longterm archiving
Public relation activities

-Website/ Internet
-Internet Radios"
-Diverse publications and events
-Printed publications
-The best-of CD


Every institutional project-partner cooperated with private collectors or discographers: the University of Udine with the shellackcollector Pier Paolo Sancin in Trieste, the Allgu-Schwbisches Musikarchiv with Claus Peter Gallenmiller in Kempten, the ARGE Discography in Vienna formed a working society with members of institutional archives ( Franz Lechleitner, Nicola Benz) and private discographers and collectors ( Ernst Weber , Norbert Nitsche ). For the internet access we cooperated with council.net in Vienna. In total, about 20 people in 4 different countries worked together.

The first step was to exchange knowledge about the different existing models and practices of discography. Basically there were two main sources of information:

1)information directly from the shellak: labels, marks on the mirror of the disc, and the content: songs, carbaret, music, politics, comic and so on.
2)all other information sources such as catalogues of firms, ordering catalogues and lists, diverse other publications such as papers etc.

This wide variety of basic discographic information can lead to misinterpretations and misunderstandings. The situation was and still is very ambiguous.

The second working session, hosted by the Allgu-Schwbischem Musikarchiv in Eglofs, Germany, in January 2002 focused on these differences. To overcome these differences, a more flexible archiving programme is required as Microsoft Word, Access, Excel-lists or the software programme Question and Answer didnt fulfil the different needs.

However, the existing and tested database of the Fonoteca Nazionale Svizzera, FN-Base 2000.( Stefano Cavaglieri) is fulfilling all our needs for the creation of a standard. In this database, all information about archiving, technics and rerecording is stored in a special item. All different items, -sound and picture as well-, can be connected, if needed.
Since February 2002, the Laboratorio Mirage of the University of Udine and since July 2002 the Verein Phonomuseum archive with this standardised software of the Fonoteca Nazionale Svizzera without any problem. The standardised items were also integrated in the software of the sterreichisches Volksliedwerk Infolk for the archiving of their shellak-collection and influenced the creation of the software of the Mediathek.

The third working session, hosted by the Laboratorio Mirage of the University of Udine in Gorizia in Italy in May 2002 focused on technical problems: preservation , rerecording and restauration of shellaks.
Laboratorio Mirage intended to create the standardisation of special items for information-of rerecording and preservation, eg. equalisation, etc. The team of Alessandro Argentini developed in cooperation with the Fonoteca Svizzera a special part of FN-Base 2000 for technical information.

A challenge to the new standardised data-base will be the transcription of discographies. On the Vienna project for instance the transcription of the discography of Norbert Nitsche requires the transfer of more than 100 000 items on question and answer.

Besides these discographic issues, we started a preservation-programme for shellaks trying to combine the possibilities of the partners. The monthly shellak-evenings nearly became an institution in Mariahilf in Vienna. On the internet- radio youll find 3 transmissions moderated by Gnther Schifter and a 4th with folk music is in creation.

Our last point of the October 2001 working programme, the production of a best of -CD, was replaced by the organisation of an open workshop in Vienna with about 60 participants in March 2002 and the Tavola Rotonda in Gorizia with more than 100 participants in May 2002.

In December 2001 the project received an award for cultural networking and communication by the Austrian Ministry of Education, Science and Art.

Finally some statistics of this years work :

In about 20 speeches and lectures the general theme Schellack was presented.

 1Tavola rotonda
 1dance evening
 1participation at a streetfestival in Vienna
 2exhibitions Tonspuren
 1Museum of Music in Eglofs part early media, opening in October 2002
Rerecording on EBU - standards and preservation of about 500 shellaks
 6discographies of artists
 12discographies of Labels
 2adaptations of software
 1website www.phonomuseum.at
 1internet radio

I think, that we have successfully delivered the programme we have fixed ourselves in October 2001 in Vienna. It became clear that we need to find a more flexible way to unify a codified language for discography. On one hand, standardisation seems necessary; on the other hand, flexibility in choosing the own tools is needed.
It is a question of long-term information and professional help to understand ones own needs so as to find the most effective methods for archiving and preservation in the different collections of 78s.

All the results will have to be evaluated once again in further practice in the next phase of the project. We will establish as a discussion-platform the Diskographentag, eg. every 6 months, with special reports and lectures , discussions and exchanges of news. Please -note the next date in Vienna: 16th November 2002. You are all warmly invited.