TERMINE:
   
News
EU-Sokrates
Discographies of Labels and Artists
Connecting Memories
Introduction
Jewish Songs
Foreign and Native Elements in the Popular Music of Vienna
Diskographie
Rerecording
Tonprojekte
GHT
Diskographien
Projekt Lindstroem
Plattenboerse
Links
Impressum
Labellexikon
Digitale Restaurierung
 
alle diskografischen Daten finden Sie unter:
www.dismarc.org



Jewish (secular) SongsJewish (secular) Songs

Gerda und Franz Lechleitner, GHT Vienna



Conditions throughout the diaspora were not equally favourable to the growth of folksongs among Jewish communities. Since the most vigorous centres were to be found in environments where Jews enjoyed the least personal freedom, the Jewish folksong was essentially the song of the ghetto. The most striking characteristic of Jewish folk song is its mixture of elements from folk music and historical sources of foreign music. There are three main centres of Jewish folklore and music in the diaspora: the oriental communities in the Near East, Central Asia and Ethiopia, the Mediterranean Sephardic communities in Spain, North Africa (Maghreb), Greece and the Balkans, and the Ashkenazic communities in eastern and western Europe.

The Jewish culture in this project limited to the secular music of the Ashkenazic Communities is an urban one and is characterised by border-crossing, a bridging phenomenon, mainly between European nations. Jewry is connected over all countries because of common Jewish characteristics, and Jewry represents an important element incorporating different nationalities due to its trans-national national character. This is the reason why Jewish songs from a private collection were chosen as an example to reflect the connection of memories in respect of the own and the other.

Since it is impossible to cover Jewish secular songs in their entirety, a specific collection was chosen. The characteristics of the collections and the collector himself are important features to be considered. Axel Weggen is a member of the Society of Historical Sound Carriers. His membership offers access to discographical news as well as information about and contacts with other collectors, but also gives him the opportunity to make available his knowledge and his recordings to others; therefore he did not hesitate to join this project and provide it with his recordings of Jewish music. Why has Axel Weggen, now living in Germany, built up a collection of this kind, and why does he not stop searching for such recordings? His family roots go back to Jews from eastern Europe, and he feels very much attracted to this culture. He is a musician himself, an organist, but also a teacher of music. And it was his musical interest that led him to historical recordings, which enabled him to listen to outstanding musicians performing a music (style) nearly forgotten nowadays. So Weggens collection reflects his own particular interest and therefore represents a specific part of this Jewish culture, mainly theatre songs and similar genres.

That the chosen samples may be perceived as own or other (foreign) music is illustrated by the following incident: When playing some of the examples to the participants of the project it turned out that they triggered different associations: some examples sounded Viennese (see also the text of E. Weber), some Polish, others could imply more than one style. So these recordings reflect a specific situation of dealing with memories, with connected impressions of the own or the other in different perceptions.

The samples are arranged according to the respective record company. It is evident that smaller companies (in that case mainly Favorite) featured this specific genre much more than the big ones, such as Gramophone or Victor. Every title is followed by the label (picture) and only sometimes by short biographies of the artists. These biographies are necessary in order to draw a more complete picture of the cultural life of those people at that time.

The biographies below have been taken from a dictionary of the Jewish theatre, written in Yiddish and published in New York (1931) ; it contains material collected and edited by Zalmen Zylberzweig and Jakob Mestel.
Biographies of Pepi Littmann, Helene Gespass, Frieda Zwiebel-Goldsein, and Regina Zuckerberg have been taken from Di Eybike Mame (The Eternal Mother): Women in Yiddish Theater and Popular Song, 19051929, an extended text version (SM 16252, CD Wergo), published in Jewish Music Series, edited by Rita Ottens and Joel Rubin.


  • Gramophone 4-102173 (5566r) H. Weitz, Lemberg As Gott will schiesst a Besen auch
    Musik downloaden
    Gramophone 4-102174 (5567r) H. Weitz, Lemberg Eidl dudl du, recorded 1908.
    Musik downloaden





  • Victor 63832-B (6080 l) Leon Kalisch m. Chor des jd. Theaters Druschegeschank auf einer jd. Hochzeit (1= kleines L), recorded in December 1907.
    Musik downloaden


    Kalisch, Leon: The son of tradespeople, he was born on 1/1/1882 in Lwow, where he attended a Brger Schul and, since 1898, sang in the choir of the Lemberg theatre. He sang the role of the lover in the Jewish theatre in Lwow; in 1903 he had to enrol for military service. He married a choir singer who also acted at the theatre. After an engagement at the Jewish theatre in London and a tour to Buenos Aires, he returned to Lwow and its theatre, where he also worked as stage director. When the Soviets conquered Lwow, he joined the Red Army and was wounded during WWII. After the war he was informed that his whole family had been deported and murdered by the German Nazis.





  • ABC Grand 738a (16139) Leon Kalisch, Mitglied des jd. Theaters in Lemberg Dus Talesl
    Musik downloaden
    ABC Grand 738b (16138) Leon Kalisch, Mitglied des jd. Theaters in Lemberg Klagelied aus dem Wilden Mensch, recorded ca. 1910.
    Musik downloaden


    Kalisch, Leon: The son of tradespeople, he was born on 1/1/1882 in Lwow, where he attended a Brger Schul and, since 1898, sang in the choir of the Lemberg theatre. He sang the role of the lover in the Jewish theatre in Lwow; in 1903 he had to enrol for military service. He married a choir singer who also acted at the theatre. After an engagement at the Jewish theatre in London and a tour to Buenos Aires, he returned to Lwow and its theatre, where he also worked as stage director. When the Soviets conquered Lwow, he joined the Red Army and was wounded during WWII. After the war he was informed that his whole family had been deported and murdered by the German Nazis.





  • Baby-Record Nr. 7560 (7560) Pepi Littmann Kol Jisroel Chawerem
    Musik downloaden
    Baby-Record Nr. 7561 (7561) Pepi Littmann Das Talesl, recorded ca. 1911.
    Musik downloaden


    Pepi Littmann (Peshe Kahane, ca. 1874 1930) was born in Tarnopol, Eastern Galicia. Littmann was one of the broder-zinger, and her domain was the inn, the wine garden and the small hall, as opposed to the stage. She led the most popular of the traveling Yiddish vaudeville troupes and was known especially for her couplets, which were sung by Jews and non-Jews alike. During World War I Littmann was based in Odessa, where she was adopted by literary circles around S. Y. Abramovitsh (Mendele Moykher Sforim). Littmann, who recorded in Lemberg, Budapest and New York, often performed in a comic cross-dressing role as a khosid, a hasidic male with a kapeliush (silk head covering), peyes (earlocks), a kapote (long black coat), short pants, white socks and slippers. She died in Vienna.





  • Beka Grand No. 10913 Norbert Glimer m. Orchesterbegl. Ich hob ein Mdel, Couplet
    Musik downloaden
    Beka Grand No. 10914 Norbert Glimer m. Orchesterbegl. Ich weiss nicht wie asoj, Couplet, recorded ca. 1907.
    Musik downloaden





  • Beka Grand No. 10934 J. Deutsch und Rosa Finkelstein Der Schwur aus der Oper Sulamith mit Klavier- u. Violinbegleitung
    Musik downloaden
    Beka Grand No. 109345 J. Deutsch Rozinkes mit Mandeln aus der Oper Sulamith mit Klavier- u. Violinbegleitung,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded ca. 1907.




  • Beka Grand No. 10990 M. Thur, Lemberg m. Orchesterbegl. Hawdule, Couplet
    Musik downloaden
    Beka Grand No. 10991 M. Thur, Lemberg m. Orchesterbegl. Schwieger, Couplet,
    recorded ca. 1907.
    Musik downloaden





  • Beka Grand No. 10997 E. Thobias, Wien Im jdischen Bud, Gesprch
    Musik downloaden
    Beka Grand No. 10998 E. Thobias, Wien A Schale, Gesprch,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded ca. 1907.




  • Favorite 1-25102 (2440-f-) H. Rabinovicz, poln. Ensemble Weinberg Wien, Hot e Jd a Weibele
    Musik downloaden
    Favorite 1-25103 (2443-f-) H. Rabinovicz, poln. Ensemble Weinberg Wien, Gott in sein Mischpot is gerecht,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded 1906.




  • Favorite 1-25117 (2536-f-) Herr Schilling, jd. Theater Lemberg, Chave aus Jud in Rumnien (Solo und Chor), recorded 23.3.1906
    Musik downloaden





  • Favorite 1-26093 (2566-f-) Frau Guttmann, jd. Theater Lemberg, Hat a jd a vabele, Volkslied
    Musik downloaden
    Favorite 1-26094 (2567-f-) Frulein Brh, jd. Theater Lemberg, Fratig auf der Nacht, aus Komischer Ball
    Musik downloaden

    recorded 23.3.1906

    Guttmann, Salcia: Born 6/3/1881, her parents weretradespeople; she finished 7 years of primary school and, in 1897, started to sing in the choir of the Gimpeles Theater, subsequently acting as Soubrette and later playing Grande Dame and mother (roles). She married Julius Guttmann and cooperated with him; during WWII she was captured and killed by German Nazis.





  • Columbia E6102 (1-26164, 2459-t) Salzia Weinberg mit Violinbegl. Briewele der Mamen, Volkslied
    Musik downloaden
    Columbia E6102 (1-26165, 2460-t) Salzia Weinberg mit Violinbegl. Kadeschel der Mamen, Volkslied,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded 4.12.1909

    Salzia Weinberg: Born 16/10/1878 in Galizia, into a family of craftsmen. At the age of 15, she married the actor Hermann Weinberg and started acting in the Lemberger Polnische Oper; for a short while she also had the chance to sing there. Having moved to Gimpels jdisches Theater, she was hard-pressed for money and acted in the cabaret of Jasch Hand. She appeared also in Bulgaria, Bohemia and Germany. Afterwards she returned to the Jewish theatre and played the roles of primadonna and Grand Dame in Vienna; she also worked with the Freie jdische Volksbhne. Some of her children were musicians in the Jewish theatre.





  • Favorite 1-27103 (2908-o-) Helene Gespass, Lemberg m. Violinbegl. Berke kim zu dein Serke
    Musik downloaden
    Favorite 1-27104 (2909-o-) Helene Gespass, Lemberg m. Violinbegl. Jezer hore,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded 20.5.1907

    Helene Gespass (ca. 18861909) was born in Lemberg. A younger sister of Frida Zwiebel-Goldstein, she seems to have played mostly vaudeville in Galicia, Vienna, and other parts of Austria, at times together with Pepi Littmann. Nevertheless, Gespass was apparently so popular as a recording artist that her 1907 Beka discs had a pink designer label emblazoned with a facsimile of her autograph on them. Typical of pre-World War I Lemberg recordings, the voice is accompanied here by piano and violin obbligato in a style reminiscent of hasidic nigunim.





  • Favorite 1-27207 (5005-o-) Karl Itzkowitsch, Komiker, Lemberg m. Violinbegl. Oskar Zehngut: Hereingegangen
    Musik downloaden
    Favorite 1-27208 (5006-o-) Karl Itzkowitsch, Komiker, Lemberg m. Violinbegl. Oskar Zehngut: Mir geht ber das Herz,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded 30.5.1908




  • Favorite 1-27453 (2173-t) Josef Bauer mit Klavierbegleitung, Wien Schabbes Machen,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded Oct. 1909




  • ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • Favorite 1-29062 (2529-f-) Frau Zwiebel und Herr Schapira, jd. Theater Lemberg, Gekommen ist die Zeit, aus Barkochba (Duett), recorded 23.3.1906.
    Musik downloaden


    Frida Zwiebel-Goldstein, born in 1877 in Lemberg, was one of the leading prima donnas of the Lemberg Yiddish theater after the departure for America of Prager and Kalish. Mme. Zwiebel is a perfect example of the internationality of early Yiddish theater: after an early career in Lemberg, she became a prima donna in New York, later returning to Europe and then again to America. She recorded in Lemberg (1906), Berlin (1910), New York (191618), and possibly Warsaw as well.





  • Favorite 1-29242 (7525-o-) Mr. und Miss Zuckerberg m. Orchesterbegl. Lemberg Abraham und Sarah, aus Opferung Isaaks, Duett, aufgenommen 28.6.1909
    Musik downloaden
    Favorite 1-29243 (7526-o-) Mr. und Miss Zuckerberg m. Orchesterbegl. Lemberg Abraham und Isaak, aus Opferung Isaaks, Duett, recorded 28.6.1909.

    Regina Zuckerberg (ca. 18881964), born in Europe, was a prima donna at the Lemberg Yiddish theater beginning sometime after 1906 and, afterwards, in New York. She possessed a powerful voice and was the longtime companion of Boris Thomashefsky (1868?1939), founder of the American Yiddish theatre and one of its most important actor-impresarios.





  • Homokord Nr. 1963 Jsrael Melitzer aus Tarnow Hat a Jd a Waberle, Jd. Couplet
    Musik downloaden
    Homokord Nr. 1964 Jsrael Melitzer aus Tarnow Schabbes (Freitag) Abend,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded 10.10.1908.




  • Lyrophon Lm 6742. Herr Rosenberg mit Chor des jd. Theaters Lemberg Beim Rebben aus Sabatai Zwi , recorded ca. 1910.
    Musik downloaden




  • Lyrophon Lm. 6764. (66463) Herr Fuchs und Thur, jd. Theater Lemberg Pintele aus dem Zehnten Gebot
    Musik downloaden
    Lyrophon Lm. 6765. (66765) Herr Fuchs und Thur, jd. Theater Lemberg Oi a Mizwe aus dem Zehnten Gebot, recorded ca. 1910.
    Musik downloaden





  • Lyrophon Lm. 6767. (66767) Frau Rosenberg, jd. Theater Lemberg Ktiera aus Bas Jeruschilaem, recorded ca. 1910.
    Musik downloaden




  • Odeon Record Nr. 38843 (Vx 1948) Herr Kalisch, jd. Theater Lemberg Min Hameizer aus Bliemale
    Musik downloaden
    Odeon Record Nr. 38844 (Vx 1949) Herr Kalisch, jd. Theater Lemberg Kol Mekadesch, Volkslied, recorded ca. 1906
    Musik downloaden


    Kalisch, Leon: The son of tradespeople, he was born on 1/1/1882 in Lwow, where he attended a Brger Schul and, since 1898, sang in the choir of the Lemberg theatre. He sang the role of the lover in the Jewish theatre in Lwow; in 1903 he had to enrol for military service. He married a choir singer who also acted at the theatre. After an engagement at the Jewish theatre in London and a tour to Buenos Aires, he returned to Lwow and its theatre, where he also worked as stage director. When the Soviets conquered Lwow, he joined the Red Army and was wounded during WWII. After the war he was informed that his whole family had been deported and murdered by the German Nazis.





  • Odeon 239.961A (Ve 1195) S. Stramer mit Violine und Klavier A mame yz der bester Freund, Lied
    Musik downloaden
    Odeon 239.961B (Ve 1196) S. Stramer mit Violine und Klavier Stein, tajerer Stein, Lied, recorded ca. 1928.
    Musik downloaden





  • Els. Magyar. Hanglemez. Gyar 2108 Grad s Schradt, Kisri: Vincze Zsigmond Handle Juden
    Musik downloaden
    Els. Magyar. Hanglemez. Gyar 2109 Grad s Schradt, Kisri: Vincze Zsigmond Me Me Mu Mu, recorded 1908.
    Musik downloaden





  • Premier Record 5599 Pepi Littmann mit Klavier u. Violinbegl. Messiach per Automobil
    Musik downloaden
    Premier Record 5600 Pepi Littmann mit Klavier u. Violinbegl. Schojmer Jisruel,
    Musik downloaden

    recorded 1908.

    Pepi Littmann (Peshe Kahane, ca. 18741930) was born in Tarnopol, Eastern Galicia. Littmann was one of the broder-zinger, and her domain was the inn, the wine garden and the small hall, as opposed to the stage. She led the most popular of the traveling Yiddish vaudeville troupes and was known especially for her couplets, which were sung by Jews and non-Jews alike. During World War I Littmann was based in Odessa, where she was adopted by literary circles around S. Y. Abramovitsh (Mendele Moykher Sforim). Littmann, who recorded in Lemberg, Budapest and New York, often performed in a comic cross-dressing role as a khosid, a hasidic male with a kapeliush (silk head covering), peyes (earlocks), a kapote (long black coat), short pants, white socks and slippers. She died in Vienna.





  • Scala Record Nr. 10952 M. Thur mit Chor u. Violinbegl. Hakufes
    Musik downloaden
    Scala Record Nr. 10953 M. Thur mit Chor u. Violinbegl. Bris Mile, recorded ca. 1907.
    Musik downloaden





  • Scala Record Nr. 16245 Julius Guttmann, Regisseur des jdischen Theaters in Lemberg Halt dich an, Volkskuplet
    Musik downloaden
    Scala Record Nr. 16246 Julius Guttmann, Regisseur des jdischen Theaters in Lemberg Jismechi, recorded ca. 1910.
    Musik downloaden


    Guttmann, Julius: Born in Lwow; his brother was Dr. Shmuel Guttmann, the Oberrabbiner. Until the age of 10 he attended Jeshiwot (Thora schools), but received his general education privately. An accountant in a hatters shop by profession, he was a member of the Zionistic association Mikra Kodesch, where he met the actors Zigmund Schar, Weinstock and Esskreis. As a result, he became a writer (of scenes and roles) in the Jewish theatre, also working as a prompter. He played the role of an old Rabbi in Gebrider Lurya and stayed with this company for 20 years. During that time he taught a young generation of Galician Jewish actors, with performances in Vienna, Budapest, England, Germany and Romania. A co-founder of the Goldfaden Verein in Lwow, he was also editor of the Lwow Tagblatt. In 1928 he was a member of Febus, a German film company in Berlin; he died after having to endure the cruelties of the Nazi regime (ghetto, hunger, humiliation).





  • Stella-Concert-Record Nr. 12661 Chor des jdischen Theaters mit Orchesterbegleitung Entre aus der Oper Sulamith, recorded ca. 1913.
    Musik downloaden





  • Zonophone Record X-107928 (5699r) H. Steiner, Violine mit Zimbalbegleitung, Lemberg
    Musik downloaden
    Potpourri jdischer Melodien 1. Teil
    Zonophone Record X-107929 (5700r) H. Steiner, Violine mit Zimbalbegleitung, Lemberg
    Musik downloaden

    Potpourri jdischer Melodien 2. Teil, recorded 1907.




www.vooch.at